Ira-SME projects have the objective to strengthen the competitivity of (non-R&D-intensive) SME’s by enhancing the collaboration between SME’s from different regions and countries, and with several research institutes. The objective is to develop innovative products, processes or technical services which exceed the existing state of the art. The clearly describable project outcome has to show real market opportunities. Research topics are not pre-defined, but can be chosen by the applicants themselves.